The HowToAV.tv team talks to Tom Colman of Shure UK to explain the different types of gooseneck microphones available for the AV / audio market.
First and foremost they are a microphone. They are designed for AV and conferencing environments, or environments where you need to have spoken word being picked up but where the presenter does not want to use a hand held microphone. Gooseneck microphones are chosen over boundary microphones also when there are things that may block the source (someone’s voice) from effectively getting to the microphone.
Gooseneck microphones pick up sound from the top area and it comes usually with what we call a directional microphone, picking up sound in a fairly wide pattern which is called cardioid. Or you could use a super cardioid which is slightly tighter, a more closed polar pattern. The microphone which may or may not have a windshield to protect against breath noise and that kind of stuff will be mounted on the end of a gooseneck, which can range anywhere between about 5 -18 inches in length.
In terms of mounting the microphones, most of these have a desktop base but sometimes you can have a surface mount preamp, which allows you to mount the microphone flush on a surface. There’s usually some form of lights to indicate whether the microphone is powered and whether it’s muted or unmated. In addition there may or may not be a switch on there that allows you to switch the microphone on or off, from mute to un-mute state. For some applications you can use a wired to desktop base, but from applications where you need a more flexible option you can use a wireless desktop base instead.
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